What is Settler Colonialism?

Settler colonialism refers to colonization in which colonizing powers create permanent or long-term settlement on land owned and/or occupied by other peoples, often by force. This contrasts with colonialism where the colonizer’s focus is only on extracting resources back to their countries of origin, for example. Settler Colonialism typically includes oppressive governance, dismantling of Indigenous cultural forms, and enforcement of codes of superiority (such as white supremacy). Examples include white European occupations of land in what is now the United States, Spain’s settlements throughout Latin America, internment of Asians in the United States imposed by hegemonic structures and beliefs, and the Apartheid government established by White Europeans in South Africa. (MPA)